Importance of debriefing in high-fidelity simulations

  • Igor Karnjuš Univerza na Primorskem, Fakulteta za vede o zdravju, Polje 42, 6310 Izola
  • Miljenko Križmarić Univerza v Mariboru, Medicinska fakulteta
  • Damjan Zazula Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za elektrotehniko, računalništvo in informatiko
Keywords: debriefing, high-fidelity simulations, patient simulator, learning methods, mentor, learners


Debriefing has been identified as one of the most important parts of a high-fidelity simulation learning process. During debriefing, the mentor invites learners to critically assess the knowledge and skills used during the execution of a scenario. Regardless of the abundance of studies that have examined simulation-based education, debriefing is still poorly defined.

The present article examines the essential features of debriefing, its phases, techniques and methods with a systematic review of recent publications. It emphasizes the mentor’s role, since the effectiveness of debriefing largely depends on the mentor’s skills to conduct it. The guidelines that allow the mentor to evaluate his performance in conducting debriefing are also presented. We underline the importance of debriefing in clinical settings as part of continuous learning process. Debriefing allows the medical teams to assess their performance and develop new strategies to achieve higher competencies.

Although the debriefing is the cornerstone of high-fidelity simulation learning process, it also represents an important learning strategy in the clinical setting. Many important aspects of debriefing are still poorly explored and understood, therefore this part of the learning process should be given greater attention in the future.


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How to Cite
Karnjuš I, Križmarić M, Zazula D. Importance of debriefing in high-fidelity simulations. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 1 [cited 17Sep.2019];83(3). Available from: