Aquatic exercises versus land based exercises for elderly patients after a total hip replacement
AbstractBackground: Aquatic therapy allows secure, active exercise with pain reduction using a combination of the water’s buoyancy, hydrostatic pressure, resistance and warmth. By aquatic therapy, elderly patients after total hip replacement can achieve more positive effects than by land-based exercise. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of aquatic-based exercises in the rehabilitation programme after a hip fracture surgery in elderly adults. Results: Both groups, regardless of the type of exercises, improved statistically significantly in all parameters assessed by Harris Hip Score and Timed “Up & Go test”, when baseline and final measurements were compared. The group with aquatic-based exercises scored significantly better in Harris Hip Score (p < 0.05) and experienced significantly less pain (p < 0.05) as compared to the subjects in the land-based exercise group. Conclusions: Aquatic exercises have similar benefits as land-based exercises after a total hip replacement.
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