IMPAIRED MOBILITY OF VOCAL FOLDS - etiology and symptoms

  • Karlo Pintarić Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana
  • Irena Hočevar Boltežar University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery, Ljubljana Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana
Keywords: vocal fold, mobility, dysphonia, dysphagia, dyspnea, etiology

Abstract

Paresis or paralysis of one or both vocal cords affects some significant aspects of a human life: breathing, swallowing and speech. The major causes for reduced mobility or even immobility are innervation damage, less often fixation of vocal cord or impaired mobility of crycoarytenoid joint. An injury of the superior or/and inferior laryngeal nerve can be a consequence of different medical procedures, tumor growth, trauma, infection, neurological disorders, radiation exposure, toxic damage, impaired circulation of the area or it is idiopathic. The symptoms are different in the case of unilateral and bilateral paresis of the vocal folds. They also depend on the cause for the impaired mobility. In the patients with unilateral vocal fold paresis, hoarseness and aspiration during swallowing are the leading symptoms. In the bilateral vocal fold paralysis, dyspnea prevails. 

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Author Biographies

Karlo Pintarić, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana
medical student
Irena Hočevar Boltežar, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery, Ljubljana Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana

University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervicofacial Surgery, Ljubljana

Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Department fo Otorhinolaryngology

professor , MD, PhD, ENT specialist

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Published
2015-06-29
How to Cite
1.
Pintarić K, Hočevar Boltežar I. IMPAIRED MOBILITY OF VOCAL FOLDS - etiology and symptoms. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 29Jun.2015 [cited 15Nov.2019];84(6). Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/1356
Section
Review