Electroencephalographic (eeg) coherence between visual and motor areas of the left and the right brain hemisphere while performing visuomotor task with the right and the left hand

  • Simon Brežan
  • Veronika Rutar
  • Vito Logar
  • Blaž Koritnik
  • Gregorij Kurillo
  • Aleš Belič
  • Janez Zidar
Keywords: cerebral cortex, electroencephalography (EEG), synchronous electrical oscillations, coherence, power spectrum, visuomotor integration, binding

Abstract

Background: Unilateral limb movements are based on the activation of contralateral primary motor cortex and the bilateral activation of premotor cortices. Performance of a visuomotor task requires a visuomotor integration between motor and visual cortical areas. The functional integration (»binding«) of different brain areas, is probably mediated by the synchronous neuronal oscillatory activity, which can be determined by electroencephalographic (EEG) coherence analysis. We introduced a new method of coherence analysis and compared coherence and power spectra in the left and right hemisphere for the right vs. left hand visuomotor task, hypothesizing that the increase in coherence and decrease in power spectra while performing the task would be greater in the contralateral hemisphere.

Methods: We analyzed 6 healthy subjects and recorded their electroencephalogram during visuomotor task with the right or the left hand. For data analysis, a special Matlab computer programme was designed. The results were statistically analysed by a two-way analysis of variance, one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc t-tests with Bonferroni correction.

Results: We demonstrated a significant increase in coherence (p < 0.05) for the visuomotor task compared to control tasks in alpha (8–13 Hz) in beta 1 (13–20 Hz) frequency bands between visual and motor electrodes. There were no significant differences in coherence nor power spectra depending on the hand used. The changes of coherence and power spectra between both hemispheres were symmetrical.

Conclusions: In previous studies, a specific increase of coherence and decrease of power spectra for the visuomotor task was found, but we found no conclusive asymmetries when performing the task with right vs. left hand. This could be explained in a way that increases in coherence and decreases of power spectra reflect symmetrical activation and cooperation between more complex visual and motor brain areas.

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How to Cite
1.
Brežan S, Rutar V, Logar V, Koritnik B, Kurillo G, Belič A, Zidar J. Electroencephalographic (eeg) coherence between visual and motor areas of the left and the right brain hemisphere while performing visuomotor task with the right and the left hand. SlovMedJour [Internet]. 1 [cited 19Oct.2018];76(9). Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/1803
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Research article