Total hip arthroplasty in Jesenice General hospital 1985–2006 – what has been done and look forward
Background: Total arthroplasty is one of the most interesting and fast developing fields in orthopaedic surgery. Practically every joint in the human body is involved, total hip arthroplasties (THA) being most frequent and with the longest history. Information on long-term results and survival of different types of prosthesis is invaluable for both patients and surgeons.
Patients and methods: Between 1985 and 2006 there were 1563 THAs performed in Jesenice General Hospital. Average age at the time of operation was 67 years, almost two thirds of patients were women. The reason for operation was in 72 % idiopathic arthrosis and in 14 % sequaele of dysplasia.
Results: There were 1370 primary procedures and 193 revisions (12.6 %). Aseptic loosening of the implant was the most frequent reason for revision (74 %) and infection was observed in 1.5 %. In the first ten years of this research hybrid type of prosthesis was most frequently used, but nowadays, non-cemented prosthesis is used in majority of cases.
Conclusions: Total hip arthroplasty is well established procedure at the Jesenice General Hospital. It considerably improves quality of life of the patient, for both, short- and long term, results are very good. New minimal invasive surgical techniques make postoperative rehabilitation faster and easier. The Register of prosthesis enables us to regularly analyze the results and provides treatment outcome information concerning the choice of prosthesis and the optimal surgical technique. Jesenice General Hospital is well recognized as one of the centers for arthroplasties in our country.
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