Colorectal cancer – prevention and screening

  • Mojca Žerdin
  • Miran Koželj
  • Pavel Skok
Keywords: colorectal cancer, mortality, prevention, screening

Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death in Slovenija and its incidence in the last decades is rising. According to the epidemiological data from 2001, the incidence in male is 64/100,000 in female 48/100,000. Even though the relative fiveyear survival of the patients with this disease is rising, the majority of them are discovered in the advanced stage of the disease with poor prognosis.

Conclusions: If diagnosed and surgically removed in its early stage, colorectal cancer is a curable disease. Using screening tests, such as fecal occult blood test and endoscopy of the lower gastrointestinal tract, we can detect and treat premalignant lesions and early stages of colorectal cancer. In Slovenia, colorectal cancer could be the third malignant disease, after uterine cervix and breast cancer where secondary prevention should be introduced in order to reduce its incidence and mortality. In the following article the authors present and discuss the results of studies made on the prevention of colorectal cancer and the most commonly used screening methods, as well as some of the methods that are still being evaluated. They suggest measures that should be taken in Slovenia against this disease.

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How to Cite
1.
Žerdin M, Koželj M, Skok P. Colorectal cancer – prevention and screening. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 1 [cited 22Aug.2019];75(1). Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/1989
Section
Review article

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