Acute retroviral syndrome in Slovenian patients infected with HIV

  • Mateja Pirš
  • Janez Tomažič
  • Mario Poljak
  • Dunja Z. Babič
Keywords: HIV, acute HIV syndrome


Background: Two to six weeks after primary infection with HIV 50 to 90 percent of patients develop an acute retroviral syndrome which usually presents with mononucleosis or flu-like illness. Due to nonspecific symptoms ARS is frequently misdiagnosed.

Patients and methods: Data of Slovenian patients with acute retroviral syndrome is shown, as well as their symptoms, approaches to management and diagnostic particularities of primary HIV infection.

Conclusions: The combination of particular symptoms and epidemiological data should lead us to consider the possibility of an early HIV infection.


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How to Cite
Pirš M, Tomažič J, Poljak M, Babič D. Acute retroviral syndrome in Slovenian patients infected with HIV. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 1 [cited 3Apr.2020];74(6). Available from:
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