Three mb. Vogt-koyanagi-harada cases in Slovenia
Background: To describe diagnostic criteria, clinical manifestations and course of disease in patients with Mb. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH), examined and treated at the University Eye Clinic in Ljubljana.
Patients and methods: We included all patients diagnosed with VKH, who were treated at the University Eye Clinic in Ljubljana. Their history, results of examinations and diagnostic tests as well as the received treatment and outcome were reviewed and compared.
Results: We present three patients with VKH, a woman and two men, aged 26, 30 and 40 years at time of disease onset. In all cases eye involvement was bilateral, there was no history of penetrating ocular trauma or surgery preceding the initial onset if uveitis, there were no clinical or laboratory evidence suggestive for other uveitic entities. The diagnosis was established on the ground of ocular and systemic signs.
Conclusions: VKH is as expected to be a rare disease in Slovenia as it is linked with certain ethnical and racial groups.
Read RW, Rao NA, Cunningham ET. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2000; 11: 437–42.
Read RW, Holland GN, Rao NA, Tabbaza KF, Ohno S, Arellanes-Garcia L, et al. Revised diagnostic criteria for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease: report of an International Committee on Nomenclature. Am J Ophthalmol 2001; 5: 647– 51.
Nussenblatt RB, Whitcup SB, Palestine AG. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrom (uveomeningitic syndrome). In: Uveitis: Fundamentals and clinical practice. St. Louis: Mosby – Year book; 1996.
Boyd SR, Young S, Lightman S. Immunopathology of the noninfectious posterior and intermediate uveitides. Surv Ophthalmol 2001; 46: 209–33.
Read RW, Rechodouni A, Butani N, Johnston R, Labree LD, Smith RE, et al. Complications and prognostic factors in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Am J Ophthalmol 2001; 131: 599–606.
Rathinam SR, Namperumalsamy P, Nozik RA, Cunningham ET Jr. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome after cutaneous injury. Ophthalmology 1999; 106: 635–8.
Bouchenaki N, Herbort CP. The contribution of indocyanine green angiography to the appraisal and management of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Ophthalmology 2001; 108: 54–64.
Kuo CI, Rechdouni A, Rao NA, Johnston RH, Margolis TP, Cunningham ET Jr, et al. Subretial fibrosis in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Ophthalmol 2000; 9: 1721–8.
Forster DJ, Cano MR, Rao NA. Echographic features of the Vogt-KoyanagiHarada syndrome. Arch Ophthalmol 1990; 10: 14.
The Author transfers to the Publisher (Zdravniški vestnik/Slovenian Medical Journal) all economic copyrights following form Article 22 of the Slovene Copyright and Related Rights Act (ZASP), including the right of reproduction, the right of distribution, the rental right, the right of public performance, the right of public transmission, the right of public communication by means of phonograms and videograms, the right of public presentation, the right of broadcasting, the right of rebroadcasting, the right of secondary broadcasting, the right of communication to the public, the right of transformation, the right of audiovisual adaptation and all other rights of the author according to ZASP.
The aforementioned rights are transferred non-exclusively, for an unlimited number of editions, for the term of the statutory
The Author can make use of his work himself or transfer subjective rights to others only after 3 months from date of first publishing in the journal Zdravniški vestnik/Slovenian Medical Journal.
The Publisher (Zdravniški vestnik/Slovenian Medical Journal) has the right to transfer the rights, acquired parties without explicit consent of the Author.
The Author consents that the Article be published under the Creative Commons BY-NC 4.0 (attribution-non-commercial) or comparable licence.