PREGNANCY AND THYROID

  • Simona Gaberšček Klinika za nuklearno medicino Klinični center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana
  • Ksenija Geršak Ginekološka klinika Klinični center Šlajmerjeva 3 1525 Ljubljana
  • Vasilij Matko Cerar Ginekološka klinika Klinični center Šlajmerjeva 3 1525 Ljubljana
  • Sergej Hojker Klinika za nuklearno medicino Klinični center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana
  • Lili Kornhauser Cerar Ginekološka klinika Klinični center Šlajmerjeva 3 1525 Ljubljana
  • Veruška Meglič Matoh Ginekološka klinika Klinični center Šlajmerjeva 3 1525 Ljubljana
  • Helena Molnar Novak Klinika za nuklearno medicino Klinični center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana
  • Živa Novak Antolič Ginekološka klinika Klinični center Šlajmerjeva 3 1525 Ljubljana
  • Edvard Pirnat Klinika za nuklearno medicino Klinični center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana
  • Katja Zaletel Klinika za nuklearno medicino Klinični center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana
Keywords: pregnancy, thyroid gland, thyrotropin (TSH), fetus, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism

Abstract

Background. In conditions with appropriate iodine intake, thyroid gland adapts to changes during pregnancy without any consequences. Fetal need for thyroid hormones in the first trimester is directly connected with transplacental transport of thyroid hormones. Fetal synthesis of thyroid hormones depends on availability of iodine in the feto-placental unit. Hypo- and hyperthyroidism during pregnancy are risk factors for pregnant woman and for normal development of fetus and child.

Conclusions. Pregnant women with appropriately treated thyroid diseases have the same outcome of pregnancy as healthy women, and neuroendocrinological development of children is not impaired. If the disease is unrecognized or untreated, complications of pregnancy and delivery occur more frequently. Therefore, timely recognition and treatment of the diseases with appropriate drugs during pregnancy and, also, after delivery is very important.

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How to Cite
1.
Gaberšček S, Geršak K, Cerar VM, Hojker S, Kornhauser Cerar L, Meglič Matoh V, Molnar Novak H, Novak Antolič Živa, Pirnat E, Zaletel K. PREGNANCY AND THYROID. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 1 [cited 15Nov.2019];73(1). Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/2248
Section
Review

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