REMARKS ON NEUROCONTROL OF THE HAND AND SIGNIFICANCE OF AFFERENT INPUT

  • Nejc Sarabon Institute of Sport Faculty of Sport Gortanova 22 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Meta M. Dimitrijevic Institute of Clinical Neurophysiology Neurological Clinic Clinical Center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana Slovenia in Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Baylor College of Medicine Houston Texas USA
  • Janez Zidar Institute of Clinical Neurophysiology Neurological Clinic Clinical Center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana Slovenia
  • Milan R. Dimitrijevic Institute of Clinical Neurophysiology Neurological Clinic Clinical Center Zaloška 7 1525 Ljubljana Slovenia in Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Baylor College of Medicine Houston Texas USA

Abstract

This paper outlines some remarks on our understanding of motor control of the hand. It begins with current knowledge about motor behavior of prehension movements. It further highlights the distributed nature of the control system that integrates sensory information from the periphery, existing motor memory from subcortical centers, and information from diverse primary and secondary motor as well as sensory areas. It further explains the sequential nature of the processes like decision, planning, computing, and execution involved in neurocontrol of a purposeful hand motor task. In the successive part it stresses the importance of sensory input, in particular proprioceptive, for movement setting and guidance. It concludes by pointing out research concepts used to study roles of sensory information for modulating states of neurobiological systems. Finally, a novel method of whole hand electrical stimulation, which seems promising as a tool for studying sensory-motor integration mechanisms in human’s hand, is explained and recent experimental data are provided.

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How to Cite
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Sarabon N, Dimitrijevic MM, Zidar J, Dimitrijevic MR. REMARKS ON NEUROCONTROL OF THE HAND AND SIGNIFICANCE OF AFFERENT INPUT. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 1 [cited 15Dec.2019];73. Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/2399
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