Effect of short-term exercise program on trunk muscles performance in women basketball players

  • Tina Grapar Žargi Univerza v Ljubljani Zdravstvena fakulteta Ljubljana
  • Nina Brekalo Univerza v Ljubljani Zdravstvena fakulteta Ljubljana ŽKK Domžale Ljubljanska cesta 58 Domžale
  • Alan Kacin Univerza v Ljubljani Zdravstvena fakulteta Ljubljana
  • Matej Drobnič Department of Orthopedic SurgeryUniversity Medical Centre LjubljanaSlovenia, EU
Keywords: core muscles exercise program, injury prevention, female basketball players, measuring core muscles performance


Background: Several studies showed that the addition of trunk muscle or core stability exercises in the sport training programs is an effective prevention of spinal and other musculoskeletal injuries.

Methods: Twelve female basketball players performed supervised five-week exercise program focused on strengthening the trunk muscles. The program was performed three times per week during pre-season. Sorensen test, Fitnessgram Dynamic Curl-Up test, Prone Plank test and Side Bridge test were used to evaluate trunk muscles performance prior to and immediately after the exercise program completion and again after a three-month follow up period.

Results: The results of Sorensen test and Prone Plank test significantly improved immediately after the program, but values returned to baseline at follow-up. In contrast, the results of Fitnessgram Dynamic Curl-Up test and Side Bridge test improved significantly with exercise program and remained significantly higher also at follow-up.

Conclusions: Exercise program with emphasis on strengthening the trunk and core muscles can improve muscle performance, however, the results deteriorate shortly after program termination. In order to achieve long-term results, trunk and core muscle exercises have to be performed on regular basis, hence they must be incorporated into general strengthening programs of basketball players.


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How to Cite
Grapar Žargi T, Brekalo N, Kacin A, Drobnič M. Effect of short-term exercise program on trunk muscles performance in women basketball players. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 30Jan.2018 [cited 3Apr.2020];86(11-12):507-15. Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/2500
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