Burnout among Slovenian family medicine trainees: A cross-sectional study
AbstractBackground: Burnout as a distinct work-related syndrome is established by the combination of high scores for emotional exhaustion (EE) and depersonalisation (D), and a low score for personal accomplishment (PA). The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of burnout among Slovenian family medicine trainees and the influence of the socio-demographic characteristics on burnout assessment. Methods: The study included 127 family medicine trainees in a modular part of the residency in the study year 2008/09. A self-administered questionnaire addressed the socio-demographic variables (age, gender, marital status, and years of practice and labour details – number of patients per day, number of night shifts per month); the second part consisted of the Slovenian version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: The responses were received from 117 trainees (92 % response rate). In terms of burnout, 45.9 % respondents scored high for EE, 43.1 % for high D, and 45.9 % for low P, with 18.3 % scoring high burnout in all three dimensions, 27.5 % in two dimensions, 24.8 % in one dimension and only 29.4 % did not score high for burnout in any dimension at al. A high EE was significantly associated with frequent work in the emergency unit (four times per month) and age; a higher D was associated only with frequent work in the emergency unit (four times per month), whereas a low PA was not associated with any of the variables studied. Conclusions: The prevalence of burnout syndrome among family medicine trainees is high and consistent with data from other studies among the physicians worldwide using the same instrument. Family medicine trainees are at risk of burnout regardless of their demographic characteristics. Increased workload affects EE and D.
The Author transfers to the Publisher (Zdravniški vestnik/Slovenian Medical Journal) all economic copyrights following form Article 22 of the Slovene Copyright and Related Rights Act (ZASP), including the right of reproduction, the right of distribution, the rental right, the right of public performance, the right of public transmission, the right of public communication by means of phonograms and videograms, the right of public presentation, the right of broadcasting, the right of rebroadcasting, the right of secondary broadcasting, the right of communication to the public, the right of transformation, the right of audiovisual adaptation and all other rights of the author according to ZASP.
The aforementioned rights are transferred non-exclusively, for an unlimited number of editions, for the term of the statutory
The Author can make use of his work himself or transfer subjective rights to others only after 3 months from date of first publishing in the journal Zdravniški vestnik/Slovenian Medical Journal.
The Publisher (Zdravniški vestnik/Slovenian Medical Journal) has the right to transfer the rights, acquired parties without explicit consent of the Author.
The Author consents that the Article be published under the Creative Commons BY-NC 4.0 (attribution-non-commercial) or comparable licence.