Generalised anxiety disorder

  • Bojana Avguštin Avčin Center za mentalno zdravje, Psihiatrična klinika Ljubljana, Zaloška 29,
  • Nina Konečnik Psihohigienski dispanzer, ZD Ravne na Koroškem, Ob Suhi 11, Ravne na Koroškem

Abstract

Generalised anxiety disorder is characterised by persistent, excessive and difficult-to-control worry, which may be accompanied by several psychic and somatic symptoms, including suicidality. Generalized anxiety disorder is the most common psychiatric disorder in the primary care, although it is often underrecognised and undertreated. Generalized anxiety disorder is typically a chronic condition with low short- and medium-term remission rates. Clinical presentations often include depression, somatic illness, pain, fatigue and problems sleeping. The evaluation of prognosis is complicated by frequent comorbidity with other anxiety disorders and depression, which worsen the long-term outcome and accompanying burden of disability. The two main treatments for generalised anxiety disorder are medications and psychotherapy. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors represent first-line psychopharmacologic treatment for generalised anxiety disorder. The most extensively studied psychotherapy for anxiety is cognitive behavioural therapy which has demonstrated efficacy throughout controlled studies.

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Published
2013-09-01
How to Cite
1.
Avguštin Avčin B, Konečnik N. Generalised anxiety disorder. ZdravVestn [Internet]. 1Sep.2013 [cited 27May2019];82(9). Available from: https://vestnik.szd.si/index.php/ZdravVest/article/view/680
Section
Review